At Universal Polymer & Rubber, we are industry leaders in both rubber and plastic extrusion. Although these types of extrusions share similar qualities, their key distinctions make them well-suited for different applications.
In this blog, we’ll clarify the similarities and differences between rubber and plastic extrusions as well as outline some of the more prevalent uses of each material.
During the rubber extrusion process, manufacturers build a die in the shape of the required cross section, then force the rubber through the die. The immense pressure under which this takes place makes the rubber soft and pliable, enabling manufacturers to shape into the appropriate form. After shaping the rubber, manufacturers vulcanize it, causing it to harden into the desired shape.
Rubber extrusions are ideal for applications that must account for compression set properties. They work well in very harsh environments, including at high temperatures and in places where the part will be in motion. Depending on the application, and especially to assist in high-temperature environments, silicone can be incorporated into the rubber to improve its performance.
Rubber is very tear-resistant, and its excellent strength capabilities mean that it can last a long time in many applications. The automotive and trucking industries in particular rely on rubber extrusions, as they form essential components such as tarp straps. Concrete pipe layers also use extruded rubber to create high-strength pipe gaskets, and rubber sees many uses as grips and other parts of outdoor power equipment.
Plastic is extruded somewhat differently from rubber. During plastic extrusion, the plastic is melted and then forced through the die. After the die has shaped the molten plastic into the desired form, it cools into a solid form and is sliced to the appropriate length.
Plastic differs from rubber in that it offers opportunities for recyclability. Rubber will retain its shape even under extreme heat, whereas plastic can be melted and reused after it has fulfilled its intended purpose.
Plastic’s tendency to melt at high temperatures makes it unsuitable for applications in hot environments, but it is useful for other applications that place a higher value on hardness and rigidity. Plastic can take on many different forms; depending on the formula used to build the plastic, it can be as stiff or malleable, light or as sturdy, etc., as needed.
A range of applications use plastic extrusions. For example, many types of window seals and window channels are made from extruded plastic. Plastic also forms the basis of many consumer products, including souvenirs and toys. The medical industry makes heavy use of extruded plastic tubes and tubing.
Rubber and Plastic Extrusions From UP&R
Rubber and plastic extrusions each offer unique advantages for their respective suitable applications. Rubber extrusions are ideal for high-heat applications and those that place the extrusion under significant loads. Plastic extrusions are better if you’re looking for light weight and stiffness. Users should consider the temperature and performance demand requirements of their application when deciding between extrusions.
Whichever extrusion type you aim to choose, Universal Polymer & Rubber can help with your next project. We’ve been making high-quality custom rubber and plastic extrusions since 1970, offering a wide array of polymer solutions to clients around the world.
We manufacture parts to Mil-spec and ASTM standards, and you can find our extrusions at work in the architectural, construction, transportation, automotive, electrical, and industrial markets.
To learn more about the rubber and plastic extrusions that we offer at Universal Polymer & Rubber, contact us or request a quote today.
Recently imposed Chinese tariffs on U.S. rubber imports will have significant impact on the small to medium American manufacturers that support industries such as automotive, medical equipment, petrochemical, and plastics. As part of an increasingly contentious trade war, the latest Chinese tariffs call for a 25% increase on an array of goods, such as those used in rubber and polymer component fabrication.
The Harmful Impacts of a Trade War on Small Businesses
Small- and mid-sized manufacturers in America specializing in rubber moldings, extrusions, and injection-molded parts will be forced to find ways to counteract the adverse effects of rising inflation on raw materials. Petroleum is a primary component for synthetic rubber and polymer production, so the most recent tariffs mounted by China will no doubt force small manufacturers to increase their prices to compensate.
In early June, the Trump administration launched its first wave of tariffs against Chinese-manufactured equipment, including the injection and transfer molding machines commonly used for extruded rubber and plastics. This has only compounded the difficulties of the situation for smaller manufacturers, causing them to seek alternate sources for the rubber fabrication machinery they rely on to create products and components. The long-term effects are expected to influence manufacturers serving in the custom and OEM markets, including those facing downward pressure from larger partners that have also been affected by tariffs from both sides.
In automotive production, rubber-based and plastic-based products such as gaskets, seals, brake pads, and tires are on the front lines. Medical equipment companies rely on custom extruded plastic tubing, pump parts, and device housings. With another round of 25% tariffs recently finalized by the Trump administration, small and custom manufacturers must brace for the additional escalations that will inevitably follow.
Plan Ahead, Avoid Potential Pitfalls
The trade war could potentially expand into industrial chemicals and fluoropolymers that are used in rubber gaskets and extruded plastic profiles, as well. Many of those materials are chemically formulated for high-temperature ranges, corrosion resistance, and anti-weathering, making them a crucial requirement for operations with harsh environments. A domino effect in pricing will no doubt impact buyers down the supply chain in a range of industries. Fortunately, however, many small business manufacturers are doing what they can by shifting resources to other markets, reducing production, and tightening profit margins.
Industry at UPR
At Universal Polymer & Rubber, our team is committed to staying on point for our clients, leveraging seasoned and innovative methods to ensure that we maintain the same service standards despite the trade war impact. We work hard every day to apply our years of small business manufacturing expertise to finding ways to ensure that our clients get their products on-time, within budget, and without sacrificing quality.
Follow our blog, Twitter, and LinkedIn to stay up to date on current industry news and trends. For more information on our products and services, contact us today.
UP&R is proud to announce that we have just completed our fifth overall acquisition, and third in the last four years. Our continuous acquisition strategy has cemented our position as one of the largest non-mixing polymer fabricators in the United States. At UPR, we are always actively looking for additional polymer parts manufacturers that fit our perpetual approach.
Who did we acquire this time? Gasko Fabricated Products of Medina, OH! Gasko is a high-volume, die-cutting converter of polymer and hybrid materials for gaskets, seals, and diaphragms. Such modules are used for power take-off and transmission, and engine management/fuel delivery system applications in the automotive, marine, and outdoor power equipment markets.
Over time, the Medina facility will transition to our Tallmadge, OH facility, attaining synergies, economies, and shared die-cut expertise.
John Zielinski, our Executive Vice President, commented, “Customers and prospects have been asking for a wider variety in our converting, and through this acquisition, we will now be able to provide for the market’s need.”
What Sets Us Apart from the Competition
With about two handfuls of competitors within a 50-mile radius, we unremittingly set our self apart from the many other polymer companies in Northeast Ohio. Acquisition numbers from our wide-range of capabilities allow us to achieve a high-level stature. Our competitors include other rubber molders who tackle tarp straps, but similar manufacturers have limited capabilities that lead to our success as a business. At UPR, we have four different types of tarp straps including our own brands, and multiple layers to each brand.
Through our assortment of brands comes a fluctuation in price point too. Businesses, both small and large, will be able to find an answer that fits their needs.
Additional competitors include extrusion and molding, but the competition only supports one focal point – either, or – not both. Here, at Universal Polymer, we have the support to focus on rubber molding, rubber extrusions, plastic extrusions, tarp straps and gaskets, because of the diversity of our qualified, in-house, team experts. We are a one-stop-shop for all of your polymer solutions for the transportation and cargo control market, construction and pipe manufacturers market, automotive OE supply chain as a Tier II and Tier III, and the general industrial market that comprises several well-known global manufacturers.
Our one-stop-shop doesn’t only serve the end product of a tarp strap, a pipe gasket, window gasket, tire or more. When we say everything is done in-house, we mean it. From die-cutting to fabrication, both your polymers and rubbers start and end with us. UPR beats out the multiple stops that you would have to take to buy extrusions from one manufacturer and your required molded parts from another.
As a robust and elite manufacturer, there’s no worry, no wasted downtime, no hassle. All of our different parts are preplanned, engineered, designed, and already taken care of with you in mind. Every piece you need already fits perfectly together. With UP&R, you get all of the aspects of a small business manufacturer with the quality of a big manufacturer, meaning all of your bases–quality AND quantity, are covered “under one roof.”
With the Gasko acquisition, we continue to supply and have increased supplies for the automotive, marine, and outdoor power equipment industries, plus further industrial markets too.
Immediate customer-facing benefits include:
Both locations, Medina and Tallmadge, have historically specialized in fast turn-around, high-mix, high volume production, making them highly complementary. Plans include the move of Medina’s manufacturing into our Tallmadge location, an IATF-16949 and ISO-9001 certified production facility.
A Stronger Product Line for Customers – The Gasko product line, when added to our already broad product line, will enhance the total basket of goods that UP&R offers to our current customer base, and further, to market.
Enhanced Capabilities – While UP&R and Gasko have shared similar historical focus’, each excels in specific, but complementary areas. We look to offer Gasko customers a more full range of offerings – molded and extruded rubber parts, and die-cut parts, from IATF16949 certified facilities – that will provide vendor consolidation opportunities in a lean manufacturing world.
Our Ideology at UP&R
Because we put continuous improvement into our day-to-day, we get better each day. Started in 1970, we have continuously operated since inception. In 2018, our staff is proud to say that we are wiser today then we were just yesterday. And with additional resources now onboard, we’ll be able to continue forward with our successful business model.
Today, UPR stands ready to help your company compete and grow. At UP&R, we are committed to providing you first-rate service, timely service, and quality – every single time!
How We’ve Grown Since the Beginning
Universal Polymer & Rubber started out as a tarp strap and pipe gasket manufacturer. We have remained true to our roots by building upon that initial foundation. Starting off as a smaller size business, we leveraged our expertise in pipe gasket development and manufacturing, to gain business in other interwoven product applications including window gaskets, tote gaskets, and tires. Currently, we have branched out into other markets, and through our market diversity and versatility, we have been able to learn from all markets to apply best practices from each market application to the next.
To this day, we remain one of the largest suppliers of pipe gaskets in North America.
With the morale running high, it is a golden time for all providers to grow, evolve and get equipped for the spike in demand that may follow soon.
And what better way to learn, network and be seen than at some of the most popular, progressive and authoritative trade shows in the country?
Universal Polymer & Rubber Ltd. Is on the Road
February and March will see us rubbing shoulders with manufacturing luminaries – sharing insights, presenting innovations and probing areas that rubber and plastic moldings and custom extrusions fall short in.
These occasions always spark fresh activity at Universal Polymer & Rubber as we return to the drawing board to brainstorm and improve industry solutions.
This year will be no different.
We are looking to not only foster relationships but also a deeper understanding of what we can do to serve client industries that much more efficiently.
The first stop is the Precast Show, held over February 22nd & 24th at the Colorado Convention Center. It is an endeavor by the Precast Organization to bring together contributors and stakeholders who regulate and disrupt this key market. Precast and rubber may seem to belong to different worlds, but the strength of the former often relies on the flexibility of the latter as rubber is the sealing element of choice that maintains the integrity of complex precast structures.
We will be at booth 521, ready to engage with precast aficionados.
Next, from March 22nd to 24th we’ll be at the Kentucky Exposition Centre participating in the largest annual heavy-duty trucking event in the world – The Mid America Trucking Show. The perception of trucking has transformed rapidly over the past decade and it is in part to shows like the MATS where educational seminars and live product demonstrations infuse the raw power of trucks with the cutting edge technological strides made in the fields of AI & Big Data.
The outlook for truck sales is optimistic for the next several years and we look to be right in the middle of the upsurge.
When the demand for one rises or falls – the other is impacted, either directly or indirectly. The debacle of 2007 and 2008 brought the economy to a screeching halt and rubber product manufacturers all over the country felt the pinch.
But now cautious optimism is in the air. The Dow Jones has shown promising signs since August 2017. Even though small and medium businesses are uncertain about reaping the expected rewards with the administration change – the morale of the country is up.
It’s estimated that the US will see rubber revenue stretch to touch the 20 billion dollar mark before the year is up.
Automobile, Construction, Supply Chain & More:
Custom rubber parts and extrusions are indispensable.
The automobile industry has grown at a telling rate and it alone is set to consume about $28.6 million worth of transfer coating rubber coated fabrics. Despite the widespread penetration of foreign tire brands, U.S. based businesses are still holding on to the lion’s share of the dollars pie. These two factors will work synergistically to boost rubber demand in the very near future.
Construction and housing also happen to be large and thriving rubber markets. Vendors and workers in the sector are looking forward to 2018 because the running year has seen a record number of building permits fly from the local municipality offices. This can only mean one thing – large hauls of channels, connectors, display components, door gaskets, door seals, edgings, face plates, finned tubes, furniture parts, gaskets, insulation, sealants, seals, spliced gaskets, signs, toy parts, tubes and tubing delivered to the chugging housing engine.
Supply chain & transportation do not lag far behind. Their cumulative share is an impressive 8% of the GDP and providers in this market look to rubber manufacturers for component parts, tie downs, and durable tarps.
Serving Beyond Expectations:
Universal Polymer & Rubber Ltd. operates from a place of integrity. We have strategically expanded our production capacity and our ability to fulfil custom design demands with an eye to this inevitable surge in the rubber industry.
We are already positioned – both in terms of reputation and equipment sophistication – to be a reliable partner to vendors who will soon need to order larger shipments of rubber molding and extrusion items than ever before.
To keep up with the changes and to ride the surf when the wave finally arrives, please follow us on Twitter & LinkedIn.
With every presidential election comes change, and with a new administration in office both large and small business’ have been feeling the effects. The U.S. stock market saw a jolt of activity that hasn’t been seen since 2014. In August 2017 the Dow Jones set record highs, hitting an intraday peak of 22,179.11 on August 8th. Although the outlook seems optimistic, some of the numbers aren’t playing out as expected.
Although the Dow Jones is up, this is the first time numbers have been down in the manufacturing industry in a couple of years. As of July 2017, the monthly automotive light vehicle production in North America was off by about 13%. That’s a steep drop in an industry that has seen monthly increases (year on year) for two to three years. Here at Universal Polymer & Rubber, we understand how all industries can affect each other. For example, the housing industry has been flat and is down from just one year ago. All manufacturing companies that produce supplies for the housing industry will, in turn, feel the impact of the stagnant market. Although the outlook was good and indicators like the Dow Jones are up, small and medium sized manufacturing companies haven’t seen those positive effects.
What’s even more concerning is that the American manufacturing base sees more chaos than order. Take for example the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). 40% of our automotive business, and a large percentage of original equipment parts and systems, comes from Mexico and Canada. A change of border control and / or a tariff will change the expectancy and function of our business and the millions of businesses like ours. It will also send cost models out of the window, in an industry that is extremely cost conscious, that negotiates over pennies as if life itself depended on it.
President-elect Donald Trump has also campaigned on getting rid of NAFTA, feeling America is getting the short end of the stick. Now, President Trump is in negotiations to better the deal for the U.S., although many don’t think Canada or Mexico will buy into much change, as it would hurt their own countries too.
Mexico may well consider President Trump’s dedication to building a wall between the two countries as counter-productive to their goals. So whether or not NAFTA survives is anyone’s guess at this point. Many small manufacturers are struggling with the uncertainty of the future and what it holds, and uncertainty is never good for manufacturers. Here at Universal Polymer & Rubber, we will continue to manufacture rubber extrusions, plastic extrusions and rubber moldings including compression moldings, transfer moldings and injection moldings for our customers, while we stay abreast of what’s impacting our industry.
To learn more, we invite you to read our blog, follow us on Twitter, like us on Facebook, and connect with us on LinkedIn. To learn more about how Universal Polymer & Rubber can help you, we invite you to contact us today.
For almost half a century Universal Polymer and Rubber has been a market leader in the domain of rubber and plastic extrusions and custom created products. During that time the business has placed a great emphasis on client satisfaction and in 2017, when most production units in Ohio are struggling to stay afloat, we have not only managed to expand our operations but have also been recognized as a “Made in USA” success story by the renowned publication Construction in Focus.
5 Golden Rules from Those Who Have Braved It All:
Manufacturing may be the lifeblood of the nation, but that doesn’t render businesses in the industry immune to the cycles of supply and demand.
There are challenges to be circumvented. And brands that can’t establish themselves as purveyors of quality items falter and fail.
Companies that set themselves apart from the competition do so on the dint of hard work, a desire to learn and evolve an insightful understanding of industry dynamics.
Here are 5 hard won lessons from the veterans at Universal Polymer & Rubber Ltd. to help you ace running a manufacturing company:
1. Be Practical and Rooted in Facts: It is easy to get carried away by the avalanche of rumors and fallacies saturating the industry grapevine. Hyperventilating over a future scenario that may or may not transpire isn’t the best use of time or resources. Projections, estimates and market predictions are handy tools to have, but only when they resonate with the take and understanding of your company and client base. Instead of chasing “what ifs,” manufacturing businesses must address known issues like the growing skill gap in the industry and the dwindling interest in core manufacturing as a career choice for graduates with well thought out, strategic actions like participation in and promotion of Manufacturing Day.
2. Be Discerning when it Comes to Staffing: Talent shouldn’t be hoarded – even in manufacturing where there is a real absence of qualified candidates. Benched employees lose their finesses and also suffer from disengagement. They negatively impact the morale of the rest of the workforce. However, rapid expansion is a possibility given the trend of reshoring over the years. A fine balance between staffing and the business level is required. It is the worth the investment to create a pipeline of “just in time” recruitment possibilities to ensure the best utilization of labor.
3. Understand that Acquisitions Take Time to Produce Results: Acquiring assets is a great way to rapidly increase sales. How?
A. The acquired assets transfer their goodwill and clients to the parent company.
B. The acquired assets may possess complementary skills that help companies penetrate a whole new market full of possibilities.
Universal Polymer & Rubber has made multiple acquisitions and learnt from each undertaking. The most important take-away is the fact that all good things need time to mature. Acquisitions are no different. They have to be assimilated and worked on before they can positively influence bottom-line numbers.
4. Pay Attention to Details: Manufacturing is a highly competitive industry. Maintaining a legacy of quality is essential. To this effect companies must constantly improve following the principles of Kaizen. Certifications like ISO 9001:2008 and ISO 16949 offer benchmarks of excellence and provide guidelines that reduce waste, bring down defects and boost customer satisfaction.
5. Balance Long Term & Short-Term Goals: While it is great to have a 50,000-foot view of the business operations, it’s the day-to-day activities and meticulousness in executing them which keep a company strong and profitable. A game changing business not only stays abreast of latest technological breakthroughs, it incorporates the insights in everyday activities for tangible results.
This month UPR received a rewarding validation of our efforts, being recognized by one of the most widely read publications in the world of manufacturing and construction– Construction in Focus. Universal Polymer & Rubber Ltd. is pleased to be seen as a “Made in America” success story in the July 2017 issue.
We would like to thank the magazine for the opportunity and to tip the hat to everyone who has been involved in helping us earn that spotlight.
“A Made in America Success Story” (pages 114-117), is a candid look at the legacy of Universal Polymer & Rubber Ltd and dives deep into the secrets of our longevity. The write-up digs through our accomplishments during such uncertain economic times, highlighting our efforts to avoid reliance on exports for revenue. Contrasting companies are especially glaring because many rubber manufacturers and suppliers in the Midwest have been forced to closed their doors in the past decade.
Still, we remain confident in our diverse product line and our commitment to quality conscious, lean production. In the next five years, we look to expand our footprint in North America and aim to increase the volume of trade with international clients.
What Sets UP&R Apart?
Hendley talks to a few of our company’s captivating factors:
Our ability to custom create products from client supplied designs – models and blueprints. Standard units like tarp straps are good sellers. But our expertise isn’t restricted to these “bought off the shelf” items. UP&R customers depend on our prowess when it comes to crafting parts from customer designs.
Our diverse product pool and market base. We aren’t just an automotive seller or a pipe gasket company. We have the skill to manufacture tarp straps and items that require finely honed rubber and plastic extrusion capabilities as well.
Our dedication to quality. UP&R team members are the best at what they do. We possess the ISO 9001:2008 certification (without design) and also the ISO/TS 16949 certification across all facilities.
Also mentioned are snippets about the ‘5 S’ program that will help with all future facilities, whether expanded or acquired.
Finely peppered with quotes from our Executive Vice President, John Zielinski, we find that the engaging article both informs and inspires like-minded companies and future business prospects.
If you are interested in staying up-to-date on the latest in manufacturing, construction, and the plastic and rubber industries, please follow our blog, Twitter, and LinkedIn.
The extrusion process is the mainstay of the manufacturing industry. It is relatively affordable and leads to the production of precisely shaped two-dimensional objects in a continuous line or flow. It allows manufacturers the freedom to create end deliverables in large batches and then serve multiple customers by cutting the extruded products to the desired length and shipping them out to the buyers.
Extrusion allows strict adherence to customer specifications. Since the process in itself is not dependent on a plunger or a clamp (as is injection molding), it can accept brittle raw material as input and work with it for a satisfactory result!
Rubber is no different. The elasticity of rubber renders it impervious to stress. It can return to its original form without any signs of distress and thus extruded rubber offerings are immensely popular all over the world. From insulations and seals to gaskets and power equipment parts, they hold their sway because of their robustness and pliability – a unique combination.
THE ACTUAL RUBBER EXTRUSION PROCESS:
Extrusion processes never vary too greatly. Thus rubber extrusion is intrinsically similar to plastic extrusion because it relies on the speed of the rotation screw of the machine to push the raw material down the length of the extrusion passageway and uses heat and pressure to melt the rubber.
But there is a major difference between extrusion and other rubber manipulation techniques. The initial lump is always un-vulcanized. So that the drawing of the products from the die is easy and the deliverables align beautifully with the original request by the buyer.
The soft extruded offerings are then cured to provide stability and strength.
UNIVERSAL POLYMER AND RUBBER L.T.D. OFFERINGS:
Universal Polymer and Rubber is an ISO 9001 certified company that is widely renowned for the quality of its service and the best practices followed by its experts to display mastery over a wide range of rubbers and polymers.
Its extrusions meet ASTM, SAE, and Mil specs depending on the nature of the order and the type of raw material being used. It has collaborated with construction, automotive, transportation, glass and window, drainage pipe, and other outdoor industries for well over four decades and takes care to ensure that post vulcanization shrinking or swelling doesn’t impact the dimensions of the manufactured deliverables adversely.
From the early days of the rubber masticator which was primarily used to reclaim or re-process rubber scraps, modern day extrusion has come a very long way. Used generously and frequently to yield profiles for items like pipe and tubing for the architectural, construction, transportation, automotive, electrical, and general industrial markets, plastic extrusion is an art that few excel at! There has to be just the right amount of raw material in the extruder die, the ambient temperature and humidity must be carefully controlled to keep cracks and murkiness of the end deliverables at bay and most importantly there needs to be a delicate balance between the various materials being pushed together if co-extrusion is required.
THE PLASTIC EXTRUSION PROCESS AND PRODUCT ADVANTAGES:
Extruded plastic products not only have a uniform profile because of the characteristics of the manufacturing process, they can also be produced in bulk quantities without requiring much investment or physical labor. The tubes and pipes are durable and robust. Some are even flexible and can be shipped to clients in a reel.
The extrusion machine is carefully temperature controlled with PIDs (Proportional – Integral- Derivative controller) and fans. The speed of propulsion of the raw material with the friction of the movement may also produce sufficient heat to cause melting without the need of any external stimulation. It all depends upon the nature of the product.
The plastic is in the form of beads and mixed with colorants or UV inhibitors. These beads enter into the barrel like hopper under the action of gravity and pass through the hole of the feed throat and into the extrusion passage. The rotation of the screw gives momentum to these raw material pellets which travel the length of the pipe and gradually begin to melt.
The width of the cylindrical profile of the die fitted to the mouth of the extrusion passage determines the profile of the end deliverable.
This dimension can thus be varied to create tubes and pipes corresponding to client specifications!
UNIVERSAL POLYMER AND RUBBER’S OFFERINGS:
Universal Polymer and Rubber has conquered the pinnacle of expertise and finesse where plastic extrusions are concerned. Their products typically have high tolerance and a width of 4 inches. Up to 30 feet (or more) of continuous tubing length is shipped to buyers in prime condition.
Working with high-density polyethylene (HDPE), polypropylene (PP), and other plastics, UP&R is an ISO 9001 company that strives to be in compliance with ASTM standards.